Baby Fever 102 Diarrhea

August 12, 2018

^ What is Diarrhea?

Baby Fever 102 Diarrhea - Diarrhea often occurs, defecate. Most diarrhea children battle from time to time. The good news is that it usually doesn't last long and is more irritating than dangerous. However, it is important to know how to relieve and even prevent diarrhea.

Baby Fever 102 Diarrhea

^ What Causes Diarrhea?

Diarrhea is usually caused by gastrointestinal (GI) infections caused by germs (viruses, bacteria, or parasites). A diet high in sugar (for example, from drinking lots of juice) can also cause diarrhea.

^ / Virus

Viral gastroenteritis (often called "stomach flu") is a common cause of diarrhea and, often, nausea and vomiting. This can spread quickly through households, schools, or childcare centers. Symptoms usually last only a few days, but children (especially babies) who do not get enough fluids can become dehydrated.
Rotavirus infection, often causing diarrhea in children, can cause explosive and watery diarrhea. Outbreaks are more common in winter and early spring, especially in childcare centers. A highly effective rotavirus vaccine is now recommended for babies.
Enteroviruses, especially coxsackievirus, can also cause diarrhea in children, especially during the summer months.

^ / Bacteria and Parasites

Various types of bacteria and parasites can cause GI and diarrhea, including E. coli, Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Shigella bacteria; and Giardia and Cryptosporidium parasites.
Sometimes, diarrhea can be caused by a disease or condition that is not contagious, especially if it lasts several weeks or longer. In those cases, it can be a sign of food allergies, lactose intolerance, or diseases of the digestive tract, such as celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease.

^ What are the Signs and Symptoms of Diarrhea?

Children often get first cramping abdominal pain, followed by diarrhea which usually lasts no more than a few days. Infection with viruses, bacteria, and parasites that cause diarrhea can also cause:
• fever
• loss of appetite
• nausea
• gag
• weight loss
• dehydration
Children with viral gastroenteritis often experience fever and vomiting first, followed by diarrhea.

^ How is diarrhea treated?

Mild diarrhea is usually not to worry if your child acts normally and drinks and eats enough. It usually passes within a few days, and children recover from home care, rest, and plenty of fluids (but avoid sugary juice drinks).
Children who are not dehydrated or vomiting can continue to eat and drink as usual. In fact, continuing a routine diet can even shorten diarrhea episodes. You might want to serve a small portion of food until diarrhea ends.
Don't give your child over-the-counter anti-diarrhea medication unless your doctor gives OK.
The goal when treating diarrhea is to replace lost fluids and electrolytes (salt and minerals). For children who are not dehydrated, doctors recommend:
• Continuing a regular diet and giving more substitutes that are lost when diarrhea continues.
• Offer additional breast milk or formula milk for babies.

^Rehydration

For children who show signs of mild dehydration, doctors often recommend rehydration with oral rehydration solution (ORS). This is available in most grocery stores and drug stores without a prescription and replacing body fluids quickly. Your doctor will tell you what to give, how much, and for how long.
Children should not be rehydrated with water because it does not contain a mixture of sodium, potassium and minerals and other important nutrients.
In some cases, diarrhea may have severe children with the need to get IV for several hours to help fight dehydration.

^ Can diarrhea be prevented?

It is impossible to prevent children from getting diarrhea. But here are some ways to minimize it:
• Make sure children wash their hands and often, especially after using the toilet and before eating. Hand washing is the most effective way to prevent diarrheal infections that spread from person to person. Dirty hands carry germs into the body when kids bite their nails, sucking their thumbs, eat with their fingers, or incorporate parts of their hands in their mouths.
• Keep the bathroom surface clean.
• Wash fruit and vegetables well before eating.
• Kitchen countertops and cooking utensils thoroughly after they come into contact with raw meat, especially poultry.
• Cool the meat as soon as possible after taking it home from the store. Cook until it's no longer pink. Cool all leftovers as soon as possible.
• Never drink from rivers, springs, or lakes unless local health workers have certified water.
• Avoid washing cages or pet bowls in the same sink that you use to prepare food. And try to stay separate from the family eating area.

^ When should I contact a doctor?

Contact your doctor if your child has diarrhea and is younger than 6 months. Also contact if your child has:
• severe or long-lasting diarrhea episodes
• fever 102 ° F or higher
• repeated vomiting and cannot or will not drink fluids
• severe abdominal pain
• diarrhea that has blood or mucus

Call your doctor immediately if your child appears to be dehydrated. Signs include:

• dry or sticky mouth
• Little or no tears when crying
• eyes that look sunken
• in the baby, the soft part (fontanel) above the sunken head is visible
• diaper urine is less or less wet
• dry and cold skin
• irritability
• sleepiness or dizziness

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