This Is The Importance of Prenatal Vitamins for Pregnancy

Important prenatal vitamins are consumed by pregnant women to ensure that nutritional needs are met when pregnant. When pregnant, your nutritional needs increase. Although nutrients can in obtained from the diet, but often not sufficient for you. Therefore, it is recommended to take prenatal vitamins to maintain your health and the fetus.


Eating healthy foods is the best way to get nutrients like the vitamins and minerals you need. However, it is quite difficult to meet all your nutritional needs and the fetus during pregnancy. Even if you consume a variety of foods, including meat, dairy products, vegetables, fruit, seeds, and nuts, your nutritional and nutritional needs may still not be fulfilled.

*/Get to know Prenatal Vitamins

A prenatal vitamin is a combination of vitamins and minerals that a woman needs before, during, and after pregnancy, for her and her baby's health.


Prenatal vitamins generally contain five important nutrients, namely folic acid, iron, calcium, vitamin, D, and vitamin E. These types of nutrients have their respective roles. Here's the explanation:

• Folic 

Acid Folic acid is a type of B vitamin that is found in many supplements or added to food and is a synthetic form of folate. Folic acid as a prenatal vitamin has an important role for those of you who are pregnant, namely for DNA synthesis during the formation of new cells, supporting the development of developing baby organs, and preventing birth defects such as neural tube defects ( spina bifida ), anensefali, and encephalocele. Pregnant women are advised to consume at least 400 micrograms of folic acid per day.

• Iron

The recommended dosage for iron needs for pregnant women is 27 mg per day. Your body uses iron to produce hemoglobin for you and your baby during pregnancy. Hemoglobin has an important role, which is channeling oxygen from the lungs throughout your body and baby. Iron deficiency can cause iron deficiency anemia and also cause babies born with low weight, or premature birth. Iron is needed when pregnant, because these nutrients are important for fetal and placental growth, especially in the second and third trimesters.

• Calcium

Pregnant women need to consume calcium as much as at least 1000 mg per day. You need calcium to help the growth of bones and teeth of the fetus, as well as for the nerves, muscles, and heart. In addition, prenatal vitamins that contain calcium are also able to protect you from bone loss during pregnancy and to promote your blood circulation system.

• Vitamin D

This one vitamin is closely related to calcium in its role in the process of bone formation and fetal teeth. Pregnant women are advised to consume a minimum of 600 IU of vitamin D per day. According to research, giving vitamin D supplements to pregnant women can help prevent preeclampsia, support fetal nerve health in the womb, and optimize calcium levels and functions in pregnant women and fetuses.

• Vitamin E

Vitamin E acts as a fat-soluble antioxidant, protects body cells from harmful free radical damage, and plays an important role in collagen production. Collagen is a building protein found in cartilage, tendons, and skin.

*/When Should You Take Prenatal Vitamins?

Ideally, prenatal vitamins are consumed before you do a pregnancy program. Because when pregnant, this vitamin is very good for supporting the development and growth of the fetal nerve tube at the beginning of pregnancy. However, you are also advised to continue taking prenatal vitamins during pregnancy.

It is important to remember that prenatal vitamins are supplements to support nutritional intake from a healthy diet for prospective mothers and their babies. This vitamin is not a substitute for a healthy food menu that you still need to consume every day.

Prenatal vitamins are very important for pregnant women especially with the following conditions:
  • Vegetarian or vegan
  • Smoke
  • Have lactose intolerance or intolerance to other types of food
  • Have certain blood disorders
  • Having an eating disorder
  • Having certain chronic diseases
  • Have had twin pregnancies
  • Have had gastric surgery
Although you can find prenatal vitamins easily on the market, you still need to consult with your doctor first. Because not all women are suitable for taking certain types of prenatal vitamins.

Some prenatal vitamins can make you feel nauseous. If that happens, stop using it and consult your doctor to get prenatal vitamins that are in accordance with your health condition and your child in the womb.