Various Reasons for Babies to be Nurtured in the NICU Room

The NICU room or neonatal intensive care unit is an intensive care room in a hospital specifically provided for newborns who experience health problems. Generally, babies are admitted to the NICU room during the first 24 hours after birth.

The duration of treatment in the NICU room varies depending on the condition of each baby. The more serious the health problems are experienced, the longer he will be in the NICU room. There are many reasons why babies need to be cared for in the NICU room, but basically aiming for the Little One to get intensive supervision and care.

Reasons Why Babies Must Enter NICU Rooms

After birth, the baby can no longer just depend on the mother like when in the womb. Babies must quickly adapt to the environment and start using internal organs independently. Unfortunately, not all babies can adapt quickly and are born in healthy conditions, so they need medical help.

The following are some reasons why newborns must enter the NICU room, including:
  • Babies are born prematurely, that is, before entering the 37th week.
  • Babies experience problems during labor.
  • Babies show signs of health problems at birth.
  • Babies born with low body weight, which is less than 2500 grams or above 4000 grams.
In addition to some of the cases above, there are several other factors that can increase the risk of the baby entering the NICU room after birth, namely:

Maternal factors

Mothers often use illegal drugs or consume alcohol, have a history of diabetes, hypertension, or sexually transmitted diseases, aged less than 16 years or over 40 years, have excess or lack of amniotic fluid, ruptured amniotic fluid faster, bleeding, or twins born.

Infant factors

Infants experience birth defects, respiratory problems, seizures, hypoglycemia, require oxygen supply, infusion, drugs, or blood transfusions, babies experience infections such as herpes, streptococcus B, and chlamydia.

Labor factors 

Infants born breech, fetal distress (experiencing lack of oxygen), disruption of discharge meconium (the baby first removes impurities in the amniotic fluid), or the baby's neck is wrapped around the umbilical cord.

Conditions in the NICU Room

The NICU room is a sterile area that cannot be accessed by just anyone. Each hospital has a different policy regarding the number and hours of visits of parents to the NICU room. However, all hospitals must provide soap or hand sanitizers to ensure that guests visiting are in a sterile condition.

In general, the condition of the NICU room is very quiet because the babies inside are very sensitive to sound and light. Babies in the NICU room are usually in an incubator to keep their body temperature stable.

The NICU room is equipped with several medical devices to make babies feel comfortable, including:


warmers This tool serves to keep the baby's body temperature stable. This tool is usually attached to the bed.


incubator This incubator resembles a small bed covered by hard plastic. This tool is equipped with warmers to maintain the baby's body temperature.

Hose food 

This tool is inserted into the baby's stomach through the mouth or nose to deliver food, milk, and other nutrients needed by the baby.


This tool is used to reduce the level of bilirubin that is too high, as a cause of yellow babies. Usually, this condition occurs in premature babies.


This tool serves to help baby's breathing. This tool is connected to the baby using a thin tube inserted into the nose or mouth.


All babies in the NICU room are connected to the monitor to monitor their condition. Medical signs will appear through this monitor.

Doctors and Medical Staff in the NICU Room

A number of medical devices in the NICU room are only used according to the needs of each baby. The medical device was operated by officers in charge of the NICU room. The officers include:

  • Pediatrician neonatologist who has expertise in handling newborns
  • Special nurse in charge of assisting and monitoring the condition of the baby.
  • Additional staff, such as radiographers to operate echocardiogram devices or X-ray photographs, lab staff, or physiotherapists.
  • Doctors with specialization are related to assisting care according to the baby's needs at the NICU.
The existence of the NICU room is very important to help newborns who experience health problems. The actions were taken by doctors and nurses who served in the NICU room greatly affected the survival of the babies inside.

If your baby is forced to enter the NICU room, make sure you get as much information as possible from doctors and nurses. Includes information about the procedures performed and treatments for your baby.