Rising Fever Can Be A Sign Of These 3 Diseases

Fever is usually a sign that you have an infection or disease. And if you have a fever up and down, it could be because you have typhus, malaria, or dengue fever.

Most bacteria and viruses that cause infection in humans develop well if our body temperature is at a point of 37.1 ° Celsius. When we have a fever and body temperature increases, it means that our body is defending itself and fighting against the viruses and bacteria that cause the infection. Small children can be said to have a fever if their body temperature is above 37.2 ° Celsius when measured in the armpit, while adults are above 38 ° Celsius.


Fever will generally subside and disappear within a few days. Either with the help of fever-free fever-lowering drugs, medication from a doctor, or not taking any medication at all. However, if we experience ups and downs fever, for example, today we have a fever, tomorrow subsides, and the day after the fever reappears, there is a possibility that we will suffer from the following three types of diseases.

Typhus

Typhus is a sudden severe fever and often the cause is unknown. This infection is caused by Salmonella bacteria which is swallowed by the sufferer. Typhus outbreaks are highly contagious and are most commonly found in areas with poor sanitation, and limited access to clean water.

Usually, we begin to feel unwell 7-14 days after being infected with bacteria, accompanied by abdominal pain, diarrhea or difficulty defecating, and high fever up to 39-40 ° Celsius. The pattern of fever also goes up and down, in the morning our body temperature can go down, but after that can go back up during the whole day.


If typhus is not treated immediately, symptoms can get worse within a few weeks and risk causing fatal complications.

Dengue fever

Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of the Aedes mosquito infected with the dengue virus. Diseases that are usually endemic in the rainy season have early symptoms such as shivering, reddish spots on the skin, and reddened faces that can last for 2-3 days. Another typical symptom that appears in dengue fever is an up and down fever that has a horse saddle-like pattern. The peak of this fever can be very high which reaches 40 ° Celsius or more.

Other signs of dengue fever are severe headaches, back of the eye aches, muscle and joint pain, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and mild bleeding. These symptoms usually begin to appear 4-6 days after we are infected and last up to 10 days.

Malaria

Diseases usually found in tropical and subtropical countries are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Symptoms of malaria usually take 7-18 days between infection and the appearance of symptoms (incubation period), but there are also those whose symptoms have only emerged one year later.

The initial symptoms of malaria are similar to those of flu, such as high-temperature fever, headaches, sweating, cold heat, vomiting and sometimes accompanied by muscle aches, diarrhea, and the body feels bad. These symptoms are sometimes difficult to detect as malaria because they appear mild.

As information, fever due to malaria occurs in a cycle of 24-72 hours depending on the type of parasite that infects. During this cycle, we initially feel cold and shiver. After that, a fever will appear accompanied by fatigue and a flood of sweat. These symptoms usually last between 6-12 hours and then the fever returns.

If there are friends, family, or yourself who have a fever up and down, immediately take a thousand steps to the nearest doctor or emergency unit to get the right diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible.