Benefits of Sleep for Child Growth

To equip children to face future competition or follow children's interests, some parents enroll their children in various activities. But because of the tight schedule of children's activities, parents sometimes forget to pay attention to whether the child has enough time to rest or sleep. Even though there are too many activities to ignore the adequacy of sleep time will adversely affect health until the child's growth and development.

According to the Boston Neurologist, Children's Hospital, Kiran Maski MD, children who lack sleep experience various health problems such as obesity, blood pressure tends to be higher, insulin resistance, and mood changes. On the other hand, based on the results of research on children who have scheduled, timely, and sufficient sleep hours, they have better cognitive abilities, good health, stronger physical, and controlled emotions. The following is a more complete explanation of the benefits if the child is getting enough sleep:

1. The child's brain collects important information

Sleep is the right time for a child's brain to gather information that he finds throughout the day. According to the Psychologist and Director of Attention Behavior and Sleep Lab at Douglas Mental Health University Institute in Montreal, Reut Gruber Ph.D., when children sleep their brains will continue to work to choose which information is important and needed and which are not.

Based on the results of a study conducted by Dr. Gruber, children aged 7-11 who have adequate and sound sleep have higher math and language values and have excellent academic abilities. During sleep, brain cells involved in learning can be reactivated and facilitate the growth of new nerve connections, which help form long-term memory.

2. The child's body is taller

Child orthopedic doctors at the American Children's and Family Hospital, in Madison, Wisconsin, Ken Noonan MD, say sleep is an important time for children's bone health. Ken has done research on baby sheep. From the results of the study, Ken saw the baby sheep during the day did not experience growth in the bones. However, at night when they lay down, the baby's bones grow. This is also caused by the pressure of the body's weight at night. Ken said, the same thing might also happen to humans.

3. Child's appetite is maintained

The results of the University of Colorado Boulder research show that preschoolers experience sleep deprivation on average for 3 hours per day. While the results of other studies show, children aged 5 to 11 years who experience less sleep than 10 hours every day, then the possibility of being overweight compared to children who sleep about 12 hours.

The author of Body Kindness, Rebecca Scritchfield, RDN, said that children who have enough sleep in their brains can produce sufficient levels of ghrelin and leptin. Ghrelin is a hormone used by the body to send signals to the brain to increase appetite when the body is hungry and needs food. Meanwhile, Leptin is a hormone that plays a role in regulating body weight.

However, conversely insufficient sleep will increase the hormone ghrelin and lower hormones. This makes the child's appetite uncontrolled and will eat more than usual.

4. Children focus more easily

Getting enough sleep also makes your child's focus ability better. Based on the results of the study, when you give cognitive tests to sleep-deprived children he has Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and he tends to mimic children who do not have ADHD. ADHD is a developmental disorder in increasing a child's motor activity causing activity children who are unusual and tend to overdo it. In other words, poor sleep quality results in problems of concentration and hyperactivity. Therefore, it is important to maintain a child's sleep time.

5. Child's Heart is Healthier

Adequate sleep can protect children from high blood pressure, insulin resistance, and other risk factors for heart disease. The results showed that shorter sleep duration could increase the level of inflammatory biomarkers called C-reactive proteins, which contribute to high blood pressure and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.

6. Child's Immune System is Maintained

When sleeping at night, the child's brain releases chemicals that support the improvement of the immune system. These include cytokines, molecules that direct immune cells to areas of infection or swelling. A study in Germany showed more specific health benefits for children after vaccination. A child who sleeps at night after being vaccinated for hepatitis A produces an immune response that is immediately twice as strong after four weeks.

Whereas better, if the child is sleep deprived of higher cortisol levels, stress hormones that reduce the activation of the immune system, which can hinder healing.

7. Children become easy to associate with others

The results showed that children who lack sleep will experience problems when associating with other people and children will be more irritable, and frustrated. In fact, children who experience sleep deprivation will be anxious and depressed easily.

"After two consecutive days of sleep deprivation, children will be less emotional," said University of Houston Psychologist Candice Alfano.

This may be due to two areas of the brain, the amygdala and the ventral medial prefrontal cortex responsible for emotional regulation, which is very sensitive to sleep deprivation. The two parts of the brain interact during sleep, engage in dialogue that helps your child process and understand experiences or bad events that occur during the day.

For example, children are bitten by dogs during the day. When sleeping, the brain needs to process that experience to ensure that one day the child can return to approaching a dog without fear. That means, during sleep the brain can 'eliminate' memory by reformatting bad experiences. As a result, a child can be skilled at controlling his emotions every day.

Wow, it turns out that there are many benefits, Moms! Now, let's check the adequacy of your child's bedtime. Don't forget to comment or share this article with your friends.